Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) appraises the ability of non-native speakers of English. The exam is essential for entry to college and universities in the United States so only people who are willing to study at colleges and universities where instruction is in English. The test is organized by the Educational Testing Service a private non-profit organization, which designs and administers the tests.
The test is based on two systems on paper or a computer, depending on where area or country. The test comes in two formats:

Computer-Based Test (CBT) & Paper-Based Test (PBT)

The CBT is available in most countries.

Paper-Based Test (PBT)

The TOEFL paper-based test (PBT) was available in limited areas until 2017 when it was replaced by the Paper-delivered test. Scores remain valid for two years from the test date, and test-takers can have their scores sent to institutions or face time.


The Listening section evaluates test-takers’ ability to understand spoken English from North America and other English-speaking countries. The Listening section made up of 3 parts. The first part contains 30 questions of short conversations. The second one has 8 questions about longer conversations. And then the final last part has12 questions about lectures or talks. The test took about 30-40 minutes.

Structure and Written

The Structure and Written Expression section has 15 questions of completing sentences correctly and 25 questions of identifying errors.

Reading Comprehension

The Reading section evaluates test takers’ ability to understand university-level academic texts and passages. The Reading Comprehension sections have 50 exercises about reading passages. The time frame is defined for 55 minutes.


The TOEFL includes a writing test called the Test of Written English (TWE). This is one essay question with 250–300 words on average within 30 minutes.