The SAT (Scholastic Assessment Test) is a standardized test widely used for many colleges and university admissions in the United States. The SAT grades a student’s skills in three core areas: Critical Reading, Math, and Writing.

The SAT is wholly owned, developed, a private, not-for-profit organization and published by the College Board in the United States. It is administered by Educational Testing Service (ETS) on behalf of the College Board by the Educational Testing Service. The SAT exam duration is of three but plus 50 minutes for the SAT with an optional essay. The total scores on the SAT range from 400 to 1600, combining results from two 800-point sections: mathematics, and critical reading and writing.

It has four sections: Reading, Writing and Language, Math (no calculator), and Math (calculator allowed). An essay is optional; anyone takes an essay, in that case, it is the fifth test section.

Reading Test
The Reading Test of the SAT is made up of one section with 52 questions and a time limit of 65 minutes. All questions are multiple-choice which is based on reading passages. Tables, graphs, and charts may accompany some passages. There are five passages on the Reading Test and 10-11 questions per passage or passage pair. Reading passages drawn from three main fields: history, social studies, and science. Each Reading Test always includes one passage from world literature; one passage from either a founding document or a related text; one passage about economics, psychology, sociology, or social science; and two science passages.

Writing and Language Test
The Writing and Language Test of the SAT is made up of one section with 44 multiple-choice questions and a time limit of 35 minutes. The test taker has to answer by reading the passages, find mistakes or weaknesses in writing, and to suggest corrections or improvements. The skills of the test taker are being assessed includes clarity of argument, analysis of topics in social studies and science, changing a sentence or word structure to improve quality, fixing or improving sentence structure, word choice, and punctuation.

The mathematics portion of the SAT is divided into two sections: Math Test – Calculator and Math Test – No Calculator. In total, the math test is 80 minutes and includes 58 questions: 45 multiple choice questions and 13 grid-in questions.
The Math Test (No Calculator) – section has 20 questions divided into 15 multiple choice and 5 grid-in and timeframe is 25 minutes.
The Math Test (Calculator) – section has 38 questions divided into 30 multiple choice and 8 grid-in and timeframe is 55 minutes.